At a Glance
|Population||1,265,420 (July 2015 est.)|
|GDP Total||$37.55 billion (2015 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$28,600 (2015 est.)|
Assessing Travel and Visa Obligations
Whether you can travel lawfully as a business visitor or require work authorization depends on the types of activities you will be conducting during your time in Estonia. In case you are unsure if your activities constitute business or work, please seek advice from your immigration counsel.
Traveling for Business
What sorts of activities can I pursue as a business visitor?
Business visitors, traveling to Estonia may engage in the activities below. This list is not comprehensive and other activities may qualify as business.
- Attend business meetings
- Attend conferences or conventions
- Provide consulting
If I qualify as a business visitor, do I need a visa for Estonia?
European Union, U.S. and many other select nationals do not require a visa to enter Estonia to conduct business activities and are eligible for a visa waiver. Estonia is a member of the Schengen Area, a free-travel zone comprised of 26 European countries. If your nationality is not found on the list of visa-waivered nationals for the Schengen Area, you must obtain a Schengen C Visa prior to travel. Both visa-waivered nationals and those who require a visa are authorized to travel to Estonia and throughout the Schengen area. However, travelers cannot spend more than 90 days within any 180-day period in the entire Schengen Area.
Working in Estonia
What sorts of activities require a work permit?
In Estonia, the requirement for a work permit is generally determined by the duration and the nature of the work assignment. Most unremunerated activities can be conducted for up to 90 days within any 180 day period with a Schengen Visa or visa waiver.
If I am traveling to Estonia for work, what type of work permit do I need?
Whether you require a work permit depends on your qualifications, whether your employer has an entity in Estonia, and the nature of your work. The Residence Permit (highly-qualified work permit) is the most commonly used form of work authorization for Estonia.
Are there any nationals who are exempt from work permit requirements?
Nationals from the EU and European Economic Area do not require a work permit to work in Estonia. Registrations or other formalities may be required before these nationals can work or reside in Estonia.
What else should I know?
Inevitably, the legal and strategic considerations impacting visa selection or work authorization entail careful consideration of many factors. We recommend that you consult with your immigration counsel before taking any course of action.
Copyright © 2016 Berry Appleman & Leiden LLP. Government immigration agencies often change their policies and practices without notice; please consult an immigration professional for up-to-date information. This document does not constitute legal advice or create an attorney-client relationship. BAL maintains comprehensive immigration information and processing specifics for our clients.